Those Aukaners who live along the Tapanahony River and make up the ethnographic core of the people group refer to themselves as Ndjuka.Aukaners who live in the city as well as the coastal Cottica River region refer to themselves simply as Aukaners.
As a result of their language and cultural similarities to Akan people of West Africa some historians include them among Akan people, after all they call themselves Aukan.
The Ndyuka are subdivided into the opu, who live upstream of the Tapanahony River of southeastern Suriname, and the bilo, who live downstream of that river.
They further subdivide themselves into fourteen matrilinear kinship groups called lo.
This paper will attempt to explore and document who the Aukaners are and provide at least an initial look into how they view the world.
Ndyuka woman and her baby girl Classification/Name Slaves who escaped from their captivity to form independent people groups are known as Maroons.
There are two Maroon groups in Suriname: the Aukaners and the Saramacans.Aukaners go by two different names depending largely on the location in which they live.Dyuka people of Suriname They are the descendants of African slaves brought over from Central and West Africa in the 17th and 18th centuries by the Dutch to work the many plantations in the coastal regions.Conditions on the plantations were often cruel and inhumane resulting in escapes of slaves into the jungle interior of the country where they would not be followed.The Aukaners set up their own societies, forming a unique culture, language and lifestyle.For over 300 years the Aukaners have lived in relative isolation from the outside world.